Indicators at a glance: Biosecurity and border health

This section summarises the latest Environmental Health Indicators about vector-borne diseases in New Zealand, and international infectious diseases.


Vector-borne diseases are carried by mosquitos, sand flies or ticks, and can be transmitted to humans. Biosecurity reduces the risk and spread of pests and diseases, including vector-borne diseases.

Infectious diseases can also spread internationally. 

Indicator Key findings
Vector-borne disease notifications
  • In 2013, 167 cases of vector-borne diseases were notified in New Zealand. From 2008 to 2012, 94% of notified vector-borne disease cases had previously been overseas, and were likely to have contracted the disease overseas.
  • 106 cases of dengue fever were notified in 2013. This was a significant increase from in 2012. 
  • 47 cases of malaria were notified in 2013.
Infectious diseases in the world
  • Ebola haemorrhagic fever, avian influenza, polio and MERS (Middle Eastern Respiratory Syndrome) are of public health concern in 2014.
  • From 2009 to 2013, Egypt accounted for almost half of confirmed avian influence (A/H5N1) cases.